hereditary fall of the hair (gr.: Alopecia) is a problem running in our
who touches much man and woman. A "crinière de lion" is an ideal of beauty
and symbolizes dynamics, youth and success. This isn't thus astonishing that the fall
hair is often felt like an awkward factor and reduce very often self-confidence
and, consequently also, the quality of life.
There are several types of losses of hair, caused by hereditary diseases or causes.
"L’Alopécie Androgénique" for man.
(gr.: Alopecia = the fall of the hair, Andro = male, Genetica = hereditary)
L’Alopécie Androgénique is the most current form of permanent fall of hair.
At the majority of the men (in 90% of the cases), This process origin is already programmed
in genes. Roughly a third of the men between 25 and 40 years suffers of androgenic alopecia
This is classified according to the degree of baldness, following Norwood Hamilton classification.
Thanks to this classification, it is possible to determine the degree of baldness.
Common male baldness generally evolves/moves by leaving the face and the top of
dismantled cranium. Often baldness progresses at such point it does not remain a small crown hairy.
dihydrotestostérone (DHT) hormon influence contributes to common
This DHT hormon is formed with help from an intracellular enzym of testosterone (5 alpha-réductase) male hormon.
In many case, one noted that are mainly the hair of the top of cranium which is sensitive to DHT Hormon. This is responsible for the
shortening of the phase of growth "anagen" resulting from hypersensibility of the pilous follicules against DHT hormon.
During this process, the concerned roots will die and the healthy hair will be replaced gradually by hairs oakums, thin and fragile.
"L’Alopécie Androgénique" among
Although Androgenic alopecia is hereditary and concerns especially the men, this problem concerns also the women.
"Female" Androgenic Alopecia is classified according to the degree of baldness following the classification of Ludwig.
Female Androgenic Alopecia is characterized by a progressive miniaturization of the hair. Contrary to the male form,
it less spectacular and is generally concentrated on the top of cranium. Female Androgenic Alopecia,
who generally appears among women during the menopause, is only in certain cases related to a subjacent disease.
When Female Androgenic Alopecia is before the menopause, it could be caused by a hormonal production disturbance.
In this case – especially when it is a hirsutism problem, hypertrichosis or acnea – it is advised
to pass an endocrinological examination so that the alopecia cause can be discovered.
Different from certain alopecia forms, lFemale Androgenic Alopecia is an irreversible process, the lost hair will
not push back never.
The FUE method or "Follicular Unit Extraction" (the method FUX, FOX or the FIT) is the most revolutionary method
who was introduced for the first time at congress ISHRS in New York in 2003 by Dr. Rassman. Drs. Woods and Cole
also contributed to the realization of this spectacular technique. The greatest advantage of this technique is the fact
men has the possibility to catch the material donor without carrying out incisions nor of points of joinings.
The follicular units are extracted
selectively of the crown to the means of micro-switches digs (diameter of 0,5 mm to 1 mm), so that each pilous follicule
is exactly extracted in the same position and the same group, without damaging surrounding fabric.
The only disadvantage of this technique is that practicer can only extract limited number of pilous follicules
by treatment session, because it's a procedure requiring much handling. However, it is possible to transplant
an average from 600 to 1300 grafts by treatment session. In certain cases, several treatment sessions will be necessary
to reach the desired result (for example, in the event of sparse hair).
In presence of too pronounced baldness, this technique will be disadvised.
The method of Transplantation follicular units (WAS) is the most advanced technique and most developed capillary
Thanks to this method, one can give up the exceeded technique , practised during years, the "mini-micro-grafting".
The capillary transplantation of the hair implies the displacement of the capillary roots towards the places
bald people or dismantled cranium. The capillary roots located on the crown, are not influenced by the hormonal factors
hereditary. They are programmed to continue their cycles of reproduction, indefinitely, even when they are reimplanted
on another part of cranium.
During the first phase of WAS, the surgeon takes – completely painless operation – a thin strap of provided skin
capillary roots. The capillary roots of the crown push into small – groups; follicular units –
container from one to three hair.
To be able at the quantity of pilous follicules necessary to obtain a satisfactory result in the receiving zone, dimension
thin strap of skin is evaluated by the surgeon before the taking away. Natural density of the "donnor" zone,
i.e. the number of pilous follicules per square inch, determines the optimal length and the width of cutaneous incision.
The thin strap of skin, equipped with pilous follicules, is extracted by means of individual technique the "strip harvesting".
The surgeon takes a thin strap of skin with scalpel on the head back.
The thin strap of skin is taken in a piece to avoid damages during the preparation of the transplants.
A decisive advantage of this technique is well the possibility of also providing the zones to treat a maximum density.
The wound which results from it is sutured and the very small scar which remains, thereafter, is perfectly covered and
dissimulated by hair, even with a very short haircut.
During the second phase, medical team divides the thin strap of skin micro-surgically into 1500-5000 tiny single,
double or triple. In the event of wider baldness and in presence of favorable donor (means capillary density
of the crown of the patient), our medical team manages more and more to reimplant more than 8500 hair
in only one treatment.
The third phase implies the reimplantation of the transplants by the specialized nurses and is also carried out under
local anaesthesia. The scalp will be equipped, thanks surgical instruments, with tiny sites of reception,
where, thereafter, the grafts will be established with an extreme precision.
Here, natural aspect and the capillary density harmonize itself perfectly with the proportion of the face and
implantation of the hair.
Our expertise and our aspiration towards the continual perfection enabled us to develop and to improve
the method WAS to the world standards "State of the Art".
Our cabinet is specialized in the capillary surgery reconstruction, which allows repair
or improve some procedures evil carried out (punchgrafts, reductions, capillary lines erroneous, hair ‘nidos’, etc.)
The " Mega- Dense-Packing" technique
Thanks to the "Mega-Dense-Packing" method between 50 and 80 "follicular links grafts" per square cm can be
to disturb blood circulation. It's also the reason why the micro-openings, into which the grafts will be introduced,
cannot exceed 0,3 with 0,7mm diameter. Thanks to this revolutionary technique, it is possible to reimplant
more than 2000 grafts (~4000 hairs) on the level of the face in only one treatment. In the case of more extended
favorable donor (means capillary density of the crown of the patient), our medical team manages to reimplant
from 3000 to 5000 grafts (> 8500 hairs) in only one treatment.
Consequently, in the majority of the cases, only one intervention is enough ("one-session-philosophy").
During the consultation, the surgeon will consider the total treatment and also will explore of your desideratas.
He will then inform you of his remarks and/or conclusions, taking into account your type of hair.
The following points will be considered:
- the number of grafts , density
- the new capillary line
- the direction of growth of hair as well as the zones to be treated
- the cost of intervention
Our principal target is to inform you of all the possibilities to improve your capillary statute . We will treat you
only if your personal desires can be filled. The conditions are as follows :
- your fall of hair should not be ascribable with medical, physical or mental causes
- your crown must contain healthy capillary roots enough to guarantee an optimal aesthetic result
- the techniques and the treatment will be amply clarified
- you must be with the current of the momentary disadvantages
- your waitings and your hopes compared to the final result must talk about.
Before the treatment
Before undergoing a treatment, there are some instructions to follow to optimalize intervention. Here a summary of the restrictions
to follow by the patient:
Avoid smoking and drinking alcool the days preceding intervention. A good night rest is advised. The day of the treatment,
it is advised to have a light breakfast.
Avoid taking drugs which contain acetylsalicylic acid between 7 and 10 days before the treatment,
like aspirins and anti-pains.
If you take specific drugs, we advise you to carry them the day of l’intervention and to show them
with the treating surgeon.
Try to put comfortable clothing, as well as easy shoes. We advise you to put on a shirt
or a sweater with buttons or a pull knob to avoid touching the grafts by repairing you after operation.